Be critical and judge the short story. This is where opinions count. If the author conveyed meaning well and consistently, say so. If clarity was lacking or the meaning got lost in places, explain that. For example, in "The Necklace," a short story by Guy De Maupassant, incidents in the life of a French couple in the 1800s show how materialistic, resentful, and uncaring a woman is toward her husband. The reader might be left with the impression that the husband is long-suffering, patient, and loving as he gives up his inheritance to pay for a necklace his wife borrowed and lost. In a critical analysis, however, it could be stated that De Maupassant did a poor job of showing both sides of the story and could have related more realistically the passive-aggressive traits of the husband, who after all, has chosen to indulge a materialistic partner.
On the narrator's visit to Legrand's hut, he startles his friend by noting that Legrand's depiction of a new species of bug looks like a skull. A month later, Legrand's servant Jupiter asks him to accompany them on a trip to the hills on Legrand's island, although Jupiter and the narrator both believe that he is losing his sanity. Jupiter blames it on the bug's having bitten Legrand, but Legrand successfully leads them to a buried treasure and reveals how he had used the parchment of his sketch of the bug to find the treasure.