This Congress represented the thirteen colonies which planned and managed the war effort against Britain. In June 1776, Franklin was appointed to the “Committee of Five.” It was this Committee of Five that wrote and drafted the Declaration of Independence. The other members of the Committee were Thomas Jefferson from Virginia, Robert Livingston from New York, Roger Sherman from Connecticut, and John Adams from Massachusetts. The Declaration of Independence was passed and adopted by Congress on July 4, 1776. In essence, the Declaration of Independence declared independence for the thirteen colonies that were previously under the British Empire.